中原地区未婚青年女性上肢的测定及相关因素分析

郭丽丽 陈旻静# 刘林嶓郑州大学第一附属医院整形外科 郑州 450052摘 要: 目的 探讨中原未婚青年女性上肢美学标准的正常值,为上肢美容术提供参考和依据并为人类形态学积累资料。方法 测量603名健康未婚青年女性的身高、体质量、上肢长、全臂长、上臂长、腋窝-桡骨茎突距、上臂最粗

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郭丽丽 陈旻静# 刘林嶓

郑州大学第一附属医院整形外科 郑州 450052

摘 要: 目的 探讨中原未婚青年女性上肢美学标准的正常值,为上肢美容术提供参考和依据并为人类形态学积累资料。方法 测量603名健康未婚青年女性的身高、体质量、上肢长、全臂长、上臂长、腋窝-桡骨茎突距、上臂最粗点肘横纹距、前臂最粗点肘横纹距、上肢根部围、腋窝部位上臂围、上臂围、上臂最小围、肘围、前臂最大围、前臂最小围等项目,计算各测量值的均值和标准差,对其有关的各项指标用SPSS15.0 统计软件进行相关性分析。结果 身高(163.3648±4.3382)㎝、体质量(55.3232±21.7951)㎏、上肢长(70.7197±2.8534)㎝、全臂长(52.7545±2.2544)㎝、上臂长(30.2470±1.4987)㎝、腋窝-桡骨茎突距(20.3266±1.2353)㎝、上臂最粗点肘横纹距(5.9021±1.2330)㎝、前臂最粗点肘横纹距(12.6699±1.0192)㎝、上肢根部围(36.9187±2.5863)㎝、腋窝部位上臂围(27.3515±1.2717)㎝、上臂围(24.2603±8.3830)㎝、上臂最小围(21.3880±1.5759)㎝、肘围(21.3466±1.4967)㎝、前臂最大围(21.6666±1.3118)㎝、前臂最小围(14.8225±0.9222)㎝、上肢标准指数(43.29±0.0123)%、上肢-上臂长度指数(42.77±0.0146)%、前臂围度指数(68.50±0.0374)%、上臂最粗点肘横纹距/腋窝茎突距/%(62.37±0.0407)%、腋窝部上臂围/上肢根部围/%(72.62±0.0984)%、上臂最小围/上臂围/%(89.50±0.062)%;上肢长、全臂长、上臂长、腋窝-桡骨茎突距、上臂最粗点肘横纹距、上肢根部围、上臂最小围、肘围、前臂最大围、前臂最小围、上肢-上臂长度指数与身高、体质量均有关;上臂最粗点肘横纹距/腋窝茎突距、上臂最小围/上臂围、前臂围度指数与身高、体质量均无关;前臂最粗点肘横纹距与身高有关,与体质量无关;腋窝部位上臂围、上臂围、腋窝部上臂围/上肢根部围与身高无关,与体质量有关;上肢标准指数与体质量有关。结论 测量值为分析人类特征及中原地区青年女性上肢美容术提供了美学测量标准。

关键词: 未婚青年女性;上肢;测量 

Measurement and related fact analysis of Upper extremity Length in Middle area young unmarried female

Guo Lili ,Chen Minjing, Liu Linbo

Department of Plastic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052China

Abstract Objective To investigate the aesthetic standard of upper extremity length in young unmarried female, and provide an additional reference for upper extremity-plasty. Methods According to the datum of the 603 young healthy women aged 17to24, The mean, standard of height, weight, upper extremity length, total arm length, upper arm length, armpit to wrist distance, scye circumference, axillary arm circumference, biceps circumference, minimum biceps circumference, elbow circumference, maximum forearm circumference, minimum forearm circumference were calculated. Correlations between these parameters were analyzed by SPSS 15.0 software. Results Height was (163.3648±4.3382)cm, weight was (55.3232±21.7951)kg, upper extremity length was (70.7197±2.8534)cm, total arm length was (52.7545±2.2544)cm, upper arm length was (30.2470±1.4987)cm, armpit to wrist distance (20.3266±1.2353)cm, scye circumference (36.9187±2.5863)cm, axillary arm circumference (27.3515±1.2717)cm, elbow circumference was (21.3466±1.4967)cm, biceps circumference (24.2603±8.3830)cm, minimum biceps circumference was (21.3880±1.5759)cm, maximum forearm circumference was (21.6666±1.3118)cm, minimum forearm circumference was (14.8225±0.9222)cm, upper extremity length to height ratio was (43.29±0.0123)%, upper arm length to upper extremity length ratio (42.77±0.0146)%, minimum biceps circumference to biceps circumference was (89.50±0.062)%, forearm girth index was (68.50±0.0374)%, distance from biceps maximal girth point to elbow ratio was (5.9021±1.2330) cm, distance from forearm maximal girth point to elbow was (12.6699±1.0192) cm. Upper extremity length, upper arm length, total arm length, armpit to wrist distance, scye circumference, minimum biceps circumference, elbow circumference, maximum forearm circumference, minimum forearm circumference had significant correlation with height, weight. Axillary arm circumference, biceps circumference had significant correlation with weight, but had no significant correlation with height. Forearm girth index had no significant correlation with height, weight. Conclusion This article has some reference value on analyzing the characteristic of human and upper extremity cosmetology .

Key words Unmarried female, Upper extremity, Measurement

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